Madagascar has widely varying climates. The east coast and the east side of the mountain range along the east coast is rain forest area (wherever there is forest left). In the center and western parts of Madagascar it is quite dry. You can find grass lands there like the savannas in Africa. A unique ecosystem is the Spiny Forest. It consists of dry-adapted vegetation like cacti, euphorbias, and several indigenous plants, most of them succulents or plants with thorns. It can grow as a quite impenetrable forest.

Unfortunately Madagascar is loosing its natural resources fast. Only 10% to 15% of the forest cover is left, and more is disappearing at an alarming rate. I visited 3 nature reserves and here are some pictures that I took of the wildlife in Madagascar.

The most impressive animals are the Lemurs. They come in sizes from mouse-size to about 60 cm (24") tall. Some of them are nocturnal, others are diurnal. Some of them are solitary, like the mouse lemurs, others, like the ring-tailed Makis come in groups of 20-30.

Another group of animals that is quite spectacular are the reptiles (chameleons, geckos, and lizards). I saw some quite spectacular examples of those.

And of course the insects are well represented with some strange creatures like the giraffe beetle and walking sticks. Unfortunately mosquitoes are very well represented as well, which makes mosquito repellent and malaria prophylactic important. But this is a small price to pay for the opportunity to see this unique fauna and flora.

If you know the name of any of the animals or plants that are not named in these pages, please let me know so I can add the names to my pictures.

Here are some of the pictures from my trip about nature in Madagascar.

Pictures of birds in Madagascar and other nature pages are separate:

Birds in Madagascar
Madagascar Bird Page
Nature Pages
Other Nature Pages

All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.

Landscapes

Eastern Coast East Side
The eastern coast and the east side of the coastal mountains is rain forest. (1000k)
Rain Forest Eastern Madagascar
Rain forest in eastern Madagascar. (870k)
Central Part Madagascar Savanna
The central part of Madagascar is savanna. (741k)
Drier Areas Carst-like Succulent
Some of the drier areas are carst-like with succulent vegetation that can store water. (1192k)
Rocks Evening Light
Rocks in the evening light. (872k)
Sedimentary Rock Mountain Range
Sedimentary rock mountain range. (1065k)
Interesting Rock Formations Mountains
There are interesting rock formations in the mountains. This is the Crocodile. (1202k)
Rock Formation
Rock formation. (1076k)
Rock Formation Multi-colored Lichen
Rock formation with multi-colored lichen. (1157k)
Rock Mountain
Rock mountain. (980k)

Flora

Lichen
Lichen. (1.7M)
Fern
Fern. (1.6M)
Fern Leaf Spores
Fern leaf with spores. (807k)
Fern Growing Tree
Fern growing on a tree. (863k)
Nepenthes madagascariensis
Madagascar Pitcher Plant (Nepenthes madagascariensis) with several pitchers. (1185k)
Nepenthes madagascariensis
Pitcher of a Madagascar Pitcher Plant (Nepenthes madagascariensis). The fly on the inside of the top lid is living dangerously. The inner walls of the pitcher are very smooth and there is a liquid in the bottom of the pitcher. If a fly falls into the pitcher, it will not be able to climb up the wall to get out of the liquid. The liquid contains enzymes that digest the fly. (670k)
Nepenthes madagascariensis
Madagascar Pitcher Plant (Nepenthes madagascariensis) with a moth being digested. (675k)
Leonotis nepetifolia
Christmas Candlestick (Leonotis nepetifolia). The stem of this plant continues growing out of the top of the fruit stands, and keeps growing more fruit stands like pearls on a string. (1186k)
Leonotis nepetifolia
Close-up of the fruit stand of the Christmas Candlestick (Leonotis nepetifolia) with the stem growing out of the top. (960k)
Catharanthus roseus
Madagascar Periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus, german: Rosafarbene Catharanthe, french: Pervenche de Madagascar). It is endemic to Madagascar. (1201k)
Catharanthus roseus
Madagascar Periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus, german: Rosafarbene Catharanthe, french: Pervenche de Madagascar). (1200k)
Flowers
Flowers. (868k)
Flower
Flower. (1103k)
Flower
Flower. (914k)
Flowers
Flowers. (1422k)
Flower
Flower. (966k)
Datura wrightii
Hairy Thorn-apple (Datura wrightii, german: Wrights Stechapfel). (857k)
Solanum pyracanthos
Orange-thorned Nightshade (Solanum pyracanthos). (971k)
Hedychium flavescens
Yellow Ginger-lily (Hedychium flavescens). (889k)
Spider Lily
Spider lily. (782k)
Water Lily
Water lily. (839k)
Dianella ensifolia
The fruits of Cerulean Flaxlily (Dianella ensifolia). They have a vibrant blue color. (811k)
Euphorbia pulcherrima
Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima, german: Weihnachtsstern, french: Poinsettia). (722k)
Hibiscus sp.
Hibiscus (Hibiscus sp., german: Hibiskus). (888k)
Brugmansia sp.
Trumpet Flower (Brugmansia sp., german: Engelstrompeten, french: Trompette des anges). (783k)
Ravenala madagascariensis
Traveler's Palm (Ravenala madagascariensis, german: Baum der Reisenden, french: Arbre du voyageur) and Elephant Ears (Alocasia macrorrhizos, german: Riesenblättriges Pfeilblatt, french: Oreille d'éléphant). (995k)
Alocasia macrorrhizos
Large flower of an Elephant Ear (Alocasia macrorrhizos, german: Riesenblättriges Pfeilblatt, french: Oreille d'éléphant). (873k)
Flowering Tree
Flowering tree. (856k)
Type Vegetation Cover Madagascar
One type of vegetation cover in Madagascar is the Spiny Forest. It consists of trees and bushes with thorns and succulents. (1219k)
Spiny Forest Dusk
Spiny Forest at dusk. (564k)
Alluaudia procera
Another view of the Spiny Forest. The straight trees are Madagascar Ocotillo (Alluaudia procera, french: Ocotillo de Madagascar), trees, not Euphorbias. The wood is used for building houses, etc. The Madagascar Ocotillo is endemic to Madagascar. (1267k)
Alluaudia procera
A closeup of the Madagascar Ocotillo (Alluaudia procera, french: Ocotillo de Madagascar). It shows the small leaves, alternating with thorns. (1019k)
Kalanchoe beharensis
Elephant's Ear Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe beharensis, french: Kalanchoé à oreilles d'éléphant). It is endemic to Madagascar. (1303k)
Plant Spiny Forest Sporting
Another plant of the Spiny Forest, sporting thorns on the central rib of the leaves. (782k)
Pachypodium rosulatum
Elephant's Foot (Pachypodium rosulatum). This is a small plant with a woody stem, only about 40 cm (16") high. It looks like a small version of a Baobab. It is endemic to Madagascar. (1251k)
Large Blooming Aloe
A large blooming aloe. (944k)
Agave sp.
A small Agave (Agave sp., german: Agaven). (1169k)
Agave sp.
Agaves (Agave sp., german: Agaven). The tips of the leaves have been harvested. (1063k)
Agave sp.
Huge Agave (Agave sp., german: Agaven). (1.7M)
Huge Agave Flower Stalks
Huge Agave flower stalks. (819k)
Opuntia sp.
Prickly-pear Cactus (Opuntia sp., german: Opuntien). (1129k)
Tree Ferns Grow Quite
Tree ferns grow quite tall in the rain forest. (1380k)
Bamboo Rainier Parts Madagascar
Bamboo in the rainier parts of Madagascar. (1189k)
Fruits Tree
Fruits on a tree. (828k)
Euphorbia plagiantha
A succulent tree called Kalauchoa (Euphorbia plagiantha), a plant endemic to Madagascar. (1190k)
Large Palm Tree
Large palm tree. (1146k)
Bismarckia nobilis
Bismarckia Fan Palm (Bismarckia nobilis, german: Bismarckpalme, french: Palmier de Bismarck). It is endemic to Madagasca. (1157k)
Ravenala madagascariensis
The Traveler's Palm (Ravenala madagascariensis, german: Baum der Reisenden, french: Arbre du voyageur) is endemic to Madagascar. It is a relative of the Bird-of-Paradise Flower. Its leaves grow in a flat fan shape. (1041k)
Ravenala madagascariensis
A larger Traveler's Palm (Ravenala madagascariensis, german: Baum der Reisenden, french: Arbre du voyageur). (711k)
Flowers Traveler's Palm
Flowers of the Traveler's Palm. (933k)
Acacia Tree Central Savanna
Acacia tree in the central savanna area. (893k)
Pachypodium lamerei
Madagascar Palm (Pachypodium lamerei, german: Madagaskarpalme). It is endemic to Madagascar. (1339k)
Huge Tree Tana
Huge tree in Tana. (1004k)
Adansonia sp.
Baobab (Adansonia sp., german: Affenbrotbäume, french: Arbre bouteille). These strange looking trees grow in the central parts of Madagascar. (1215k)
Adansonia sp.
Baobab (Adansonia sp., german: Affenbrotbäume, french: Arbre bouteille). (821k)
Adansonia sp.
Baobab (Adansonia sp., german: Affenbrotbäume, french: Arbre bouteille). (1061k)
Adansonia sp.
Another Baobab (Adansonia sp., german: Affenbrotbäume, french: Arbre bouteille). This one is much thinner, but much taller. (1008k)

Fauna

Small Termite Mound
Small termite mound. (1.6M)
Termites
Termites. (1049k)
Ant Soldier Note Big
An ant soldier. Note the big head and mandibles. (764k)
Bright Yellow Wasp Sitting
A bright yellow wasp. This one was sitting on the strap of my backpack. (832k)
Wasp Nest
Wasp nest. (761k)
Nephila sp.
Lots of spiders with beautiful spider webs. This is a Golden Silk Orb Weaver (Nephila sp., german: Seidenspinnen, french: Néphiles). (1109k)
Crab Spider
This is a crab spider. (918k)
Spider Pair Male Little
Spider pair. The male is the little one. (561k)
Large Spider Hiding Funnel
Large spider hiding in its funnel web. (1029k)
Nephila sp.
Golden Silk Orb Weaver (Nephila sp., german: Seidenspinnen, french: Néphiles). (656k)
Close-up Orb Weaving Spiders
Close-up of one of the orb weaving spiders. (726k)
Dew Covered Spider Web
Dew covered spider web. (1265k)
Trachelophorus giraffa
The Giraffe Beetle (Trachelophorus giraffa, german: Giraffenhalskäfer, french: Scarabée girafe) is an odd looking beetle. It has a long neck with a kink in it. The head is tiny at the very top of the neck. It is endemic to Madagascar. (699k)
Click Beetle
Click Beetle. (723k)
Well Camouflaged Grasshopper
Well camouflaged Grasshopper. (1036k)
Grasshoppers Huge About 15 cm
Some of the grasshoppers are huge. This one was about 15 cm (6") long. (886k)
Praying Mantis
Praying mantis. (653k)
Butterfly
Butterfly. (733k)
Mocis undata
Brown-striped Semilooper Moth (Mocis undata). (743k)
Hypopyra malgassica
Hypopyra malgassica Moth (Hypopyra malgassica). (850k)
Eurema hecabe
Common Grass Yellow butterfly (Eurema hecabe). (1164k)
Danaus chrysippus orientis
African Monarch butterfly (Danaus chrysippus orientis, german: Kleiner Monarch, french: Petit monarque). (1241k)
Phalanta phalantha
Common Leopard butterfly (Phalanta phalantha). (1079k)
Hypolimnas bolina
Great Eggfly butterfly (Hypolimnas bolina, german: Gewöhnliche Eierfliege). (801k)
Junonia rhadama
Royal Blue Pansy butterfly (Junonia rhadama). There were lots of beautiful butterflies. (1136k)
Colotis guenei
Madagascar Red-tip butterfly (Colotis guenei). It is endemic to Madagascar. (866k)
Batocnema coquerelii
Hawk Moth (Batocnema coquerelii). There were also lots of moths. (582k)
Stemorrhages sericea
Large Emerald Pearl moth (Stemorrhages sericea). (705k)
Trigonodes hyppasia
Triangles moth (Trigonodes hyppasia). This moth is very well camouflaged. (832k)
Odonata
Damselfly (Order Odonata, suborder Zygoptera). (1168k)
Odonata
Dragonflies (Order Odonata, suborder Anisoptera) are everywhere there is water. They come in amazing varieties. (787k)
Transparent Wings Black Stripes
This one has transparent wings with black stripes at the end. (701k)
Yellow Dragonfly
Yellow Dragonfly. (720k)
Odonata
Red Dragonfly (Order Odonata, suborder Anisoptera). (751k)
Odonata
Blue-green Dragonfly (Order Odonata, suborder Anisoptera). (655k)
Odonata
Turquoise Dragonfly (Order Odonata, suborder Anisoptera). (1187k)
Mating Dragonflies Quite Contortionists
Mating dragonflies. They are quite the contortionists. (895k)
Walking Stick Best Camouflages
The walking stick has one of the best camouflages that I have ever seen. (822k)
Stick Insect Extremely Difficult
This stick insect is extremely difficult to spot. It is big, about 35 cm (14") long. (887k)
Opisthacanthus madagascariensis
Malagasy Black Scorpion (Opisthacanthus madagascariensis, german: Kaiserskorpion). It is endemic to Madagascar. (1150k)
Small Frog
Small frog. (1030k)
Skink
Skink. (901k)
Chalarodon madagascariensis
Madagascan Three-eyed Lizard (Chalarodon madagascariensis, german: Madagaskar-Sandleguan). Note the eye spot on top of the head. It is endemic to Madagascar. (993k)
Oplurus cuvieri
Madagascan Collared Iguana (Oplurus cuvieri). It is endemic to Madagascar. (944k)
Phelsuma madagascariensis
Geckos are everywhere, some of them in beautiful colors. This is a Madagascar Day Gecko (Phelsuma madagascariensis, german: Madagaskar-Taggecko, french: Gecko Géant de Madagascar), the largest gecko in Madagascar. It is endemic to Madagascar. (960k)
Phelsuma madagascariensis
A closeup of a Madagascar Day Gecko (Phelsuma madagascariensis, german: Madagaskar-Taggecko, french: Gecko Géant de Madagascar). (1034k)
Closeup Colorful Geckos
A closeup of one of the colorful geckos. (910k)
Phelsuma quadriocellata
Peacock Day Gecko (Phelsuma quadriocellata, german: Pfauenaugen-Taggecko, french: Gecko diurne à quatre ocelles). It is endemic to Madagascar. (904k)
Colorful Geckos
Colorful geckos. (679k)
Spent Two Evenings Watching
I spent two evenings watching geckos hunt. It was fascinating. This gecko has just caught a moth. They sit completely motionless for long periods of time near a light. When a moth lands close enough, they position themselves towards the moth and then grab it. They are incredibly fast when they pounce on the moth. (878k)
Chameleon
Chameleon. (726k)
Close-up Chameleon
Close-up of the chameleon. (694k)
Head Chameleon Note Eye
Head of the chameleon. Note the eye pointing back. (859k)
Chameleons Fascinating Creatures Large
Chameleons are fascinating creatures. This one was large with a body length of about 30 cm (12"). Its tail fell prey to some predator. (919k)
Small Chameleon
Small chameleon. (543k)
Small But Colorful Chameleon
This is a small but colorful chameleon. Its body length was only about 6 cm (2.4"). (656k)
Large Chameleon
Large chameleon. (805k)
Closeup Chameleons Head
Closeup of a chameleons head. (753k)
Astrochelys radiata
Radiated Tortoise (Astrochelys radiata, german: Strahlenschildkröte, french: Tortue rayonnée) in the Spiny Forest. It is endemic to Madagascar. (1.5M)
Snake Harmless Venomous Snakes
This snake is harmless. There are no venomous snakes or insects on Madagascar. (937k)
Pteropus rufus
A Madagascar Flying Fox (Pteropus rufus, german: Roter Flughund, french: Renard volant de Madagascar) in flight. We visited a nesting tree of these bats. They are very large bats with a wingspan of over 1 m (3 ft). It is endemic to Madagascar. (580k)
Hemicentetes semispinosus
A Streaked Tenrec (Hemicentetes semispinosus, german: Eigentlicher Streifentenrek, french: Tenrec zébré des terres basses), a small animal similar to a hedgehog. This one was a juvenile, only about 12 cm (5") long. It is endemic to Madagascar. (894k)
Galidia elegans
Ring-tailed Mongoose (Galidia elegans, german: Ringelschwanzmungo, french: Mangouste à queue annelée). It is endemic to Madagascar. (793k)
Fossa fossana
A Malagasy Civet (Fossa fossana, german: Fanaloka, french: Civette malgache), a cat-sized carnivore. It is endemic to Madagascar. (1200k)
Indri indri
Now to the Lemurs. This is an Indri (Indri indri, german: Indri, french: Babakoto), the largest of the still living lemurs. Lemurs are primitive primates. They are endemic to Madagascar. (630k)
Varecia variegata variegata
A Black-and-white Ruffed Lemur (Varecia variegata variegata, german: Schwarzweißer Vari, french: Vari noir et blanc) . It is endemic to Madagascar. (723k)
Lepilemur leucopus
A White-footed Sportive Lemur (Lepilemur leucopus, german: Weißfuß-Wieselmaki, french: Lépilémur à pattes blanches). This is a nocturnal lemur. It is endemic to Madagascar. (710k)
Microcebus murinus
A Grey Mouse Lemur (Microcebus murinus, german: Grauer Mausmaki, french: Microcèbe mignon). This is the smallest of the living lemurs. It is about mouse-sized and nocturnal. It is endemic to Madagascar. (1163k)
Microcebus murinus
A Grey Mouse Lemur (Microcebus murinus, german: Grauer Mausmaki, french: Microcèbe mignon) feeding on a banana. (740k)
Hapalemur griseus
Lesser Bamboo Lemur (Hapalemur griseus, german: Östlicher Bambuslemur, french: Hapalémur gris). It is endemic to Madagascar. (694k)
Hapalemur griseus
Closer view of a Lesser Bamboo Lemur (Hapalemur griseus, german: Östlicher Bambuslemur, french: Hapalémur gris). (696k)
Eulemur rubriventer
Red-bellied Lemur (Eulemur rubriventer, german: Rotbauchmaki, french: Lémur à ventre roux). It is endemic to Madagascar. (1053k)
Red-bellied Lemur Eating Banana
Red-bellied Lemur, eating a banana. (916k)
Eulemur fulvus
Brown Lemur (Eulemur fulvus, german: Brauner Maki, french: Lémur fauve). It is endemic to Madagascar and Mayotte. (893k)
Eulemur fulvus
A Brown Lemur drinking water (Eulemur fulvus, german: Brauner Maki, french: Lémur fauve). (1287k)
Brown Lemur Head
Brown Lemur head. (765k)
Lemur catta
A group of Ring-tailed Lemurs or Makis (Lemur catta, german: Katta, french: Lémur catta). These are the most inquisitive of the lemurs. They go into your hotel room and check out your luggage if you leave the door open. They are endemic to Madagascar. (1351k)
Lemur catta
A pair of Makis (Lemur catta, german: Katta, french: Lémur catta) relaxing. (731k)
Lemur catta
The Makis usually hold up their tail like this (Lemur catta, german: Katta, french: Lémur catta). (810k)
Ring-tailed Lemur Walking
Ring-tailed lemur walking. (828k)
Ring-tailed Lemur Leaping Between
A ring-tailed lemur leaping between trees. (886k)
Ring-tailed Lemur Perched Treetop
Ring-tailed lemur perched on a treetop. (778k)
Closeup Ring-tailed Lemur
Closeup of a ring-tailed lemur. (719k)
Makis Very Curious Exlored
The Makis are very curious, they exlored our bus thoroughly. (788k)
Propithecus verreauxi
A Verreaux's Sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi, german: Larvensifaka, french: Sifaka de Verreaux), another species of lemur. It is endemic to Madagascar. (1106k)
Propithecus verreauxi
Closeup of a Verreaux's Sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi, german: Larvensifaka, french: Sifaka de Verreaux). (836k)
Propithecus verreauxi
The Verreaux's Sifaka always walk upright (Propithecus verreauxi, german: Larvensifaka, french: Sifaka de Verreaux). (917k)
Hop Skip Jump Ground
They hop, skip, and jump when they are on the ground. (914k)
Crocodylus niloticus madagascariensis
Malagasi Crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus madagascariensis, german: Nilkrokodil, french: Crocodile du Nil). (1228k)
Crocodylus niloticus madagascariensis
Close-up of the Malagasi Crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus madagascariensis, german: Nilkrokodil, french: Crocodile du Nil). (1300k)

This page contains 157 pictures with 57 species

Madagascar
Main page for Repoblikan'i Madagasikara (Madagascar)

Page last updated on Thu Sep 17 16:06:05 2020 (Mountain Standard Time)


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