From the Palenque entry in Wikipedia:

Palenque, also anciently known as Lakamha (literally: "Big Water"), was a Maya city state in southern Mexico that flourished in the 7th century. The Palenque ruins date from ca. 226 BCE to ca. 799 CE. After its decline, it was absorbed into the jungle of cedar, mahogany, and sapodilla trees, but has since been excavated and restored. It is located near the Usumacinta River in the Mexican state of Chiapas, about 130 km (81 miles) south of Ciudad del Carmen, 150 m (490 ft) above sea level. It averages a humid 26°C (79°F) with roughly 2,160 mm (85") of rain a year.

Palenque is a medium-sized site, smaller than Tikal, Chichen Itza, or Copán, but it contains some of the finest architecture, sculpture, roof comb and bas-relief carvings that the Mayas produced. Much of the history of Palenque has been reconstructed from reading the hieroglyphic inscriptions on the many monuments; historians now have a long sequence of the ruling dynasty of Palenque in the 5th century and extensive knowledge of the city-state's rivalry with other states such as Calakmul and Toniná. The most famous ruler of Palenque was K'inich Janaab Pakal, or Pacal the Great, whose tomb has been found and excavated in the Temple of the Inscriptions.

By 2005, the discovered area covered up to 2.5 km² (1.0 square mile), but it is estimated that less than 10% of the total area of the city is explored, leaving more than a thousand structures still covered by jungle.

Mythological and legendary rulers:

Palenque Dynasty:

Map of Palenque
Site map from http://enyedy00.com/ArtsVacations/JungleKingdoms/Palenque.htm (181k)

The Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.

Palenque

View Over Palenque Temple
View over Palenque with Temple 14 on the left and the Palace with the Observation Tower on the right. (1247k)
Residential Buildings
Residential buildings. (1.6M)
Ball Court
Ball court. (1376k)
North Group Temples
North Group temples. (1435k)
Stucco Decorations North Group
Stucco decorations on the North Group temples. (1422k)
Temple Count
Temple of the Count. (1.6M)
Temple 12 Temple Skull
Temple 12 (Temple of the Skull). (1.8M)
Top Part Temple Skull
Top part of the Temple of the Skull. (1.8M)
Detail Top Part Temple
Detail of the top part of the Temple of the Skull. (1140k)
Skull Gave Temple Name
The skull that gave the temple its name. (1222k)
Temple 13
Temple 13. (1.5M)
Temple Sun Left Temple
Temple of the Sun (left), Temple 14 (center) and Temple 15 (right). (1335k)
Temple 14
Temple 14. (1.8M)
Fresco Temple 14
Fresco in Temple 14. (1003k)
Closer View Fresco Temple
Closer view of the fresco in Temple 14. (970k)
Temple Sun
Temple of the Sun. (1.6M)
Temple Sun
Temple of the Sun. (1376k)
Top Temple Sun
Top of the Temple of the Sun. (1139k)
Fresco Temple Sun
Fresco in the Temple of the Sun. (926k)
Side View Temple Cross
Side view of the Temple of the Cross. (1301k)
Temple Cross
Temple of the Cross. (1.6M)
Carved Relief Temple Cross
Carved relief in the Temple of the Cross. (987k)
Carved Relief Temple Cross
Carved relief in the Temple of the Cross. (918k)
Fresco Temple Cross
Fresco in the Temple of the Cross. (1045k)
Corbel Arch Temple Cross
Corbel arch on the Temple of the Cross. (1268k)
Temple Inscriptions Temple 13
Temple of the Inscriptions, Temple 13, and Temple of the Skull (from left to right). (1151k)
Temple Foliated Cross
Temple of Foliated the Cross. (1.9M)
Side View Temple Inscriptions
Side view of the Temple of the Inscriptions. (1275k)
View Temple Inscriptions Palace
View of Temple of the Inscriptions from the Palace. (1397k)
Temple Inscriptions
Temple of the Inscriptions. (1174k)
Unexcavated Maya Structure Estimated
Unexcavated Maya structure. It is estimated that only 10% of the city have been excavated. (1.6M)
Unexcavated Maya Structure
Unexcavated Maya structure. (1449k)
Unexcavated Maya Structure
Unexcavated Maya structure. (1.8M)

The Palace

Palace
The Palace. (1.5M)
Palace
The Palace. (1276k)
West Side Palace Limestone
West side of the Palace with limestone reliefs on each pillar. (1495k)
Close-up Decorated Pillars
Close-up of one of the decorated pillars. (1256k)
Close-up Decorated Pillars
Close-up of one of the decorated pillars. (1349k)
Close-up Decorated Pillars
Close-up of one of the decorated pillars. (1460k)
Close-up Decorated Pillars
Close-up of one of the decorated pillars. (1389k)
Building Palace Limestone Reliefs
Building in the Palace with limestone reliefs on each pillar. (1262k)
Close-up Decorated Pillars
Close-up of one of the decorated pillars. (1189k)
Close-up Decorated Pillars
Close-up of one of the decorated pillars. (1102k)
Detail Decorated Pillars
Detail of one of the decorated pillars. (955k)
Detail Decorated Pillars
Detail of one of the decorated pillars. (1122k)
Building Palace Limestone Reliefs
Building in the Palace with limestone reliefs around the base. (1220k)
Decorated Staircase
Decorated staircase. (1490k)
Limestone Relief
Limestone relief. (1064k)
Limestone Relief
Limestone relief. (1300k)
Limestone Relief
Limestone relief. (1367k)
Limestone Relief
Limestone relief. (1088k)
Hieroglyphic Inscription
Hieroglyphic inscription. (1228k)
Corbel Arch Palace
Corbel arch in the Palace. (1229k)
Decorated Corbel Arch Palace
Decorated corbel arch in the Palace. (1003k)
Close-up Decorated Corbel Arch
Close-up of the decorated corbel arch in the Palace. (1084k)
Stucco Decorations Base Palace
Stucco decorations on the base of the Palace. (1127k)
Aqueduct Brought Water Palace
The Aqueduct that brought water to the palace. (1.9M)

This page contains 58 pictures

Mexico
Main page for Mexico

Page last updated on Tue Dec 31 11:53:17 2019 (Mountain Standard Time)


Palenque on guenther-eichhorn.com


© Dr. Günther Eichhorn
Retired
Email Guenther Eichhorn

*Dr. Günther Eichhorn Travel Website
*Soaring website