From the Xochicalco entry in Wikipedia:

Xochicalco is a pre-Columbian archaeological site in Miacatlán Municipality in the western part of the Mexican state of Morelos. The name Xochicalco may be translated from Nahuatl as "in the house of Flowers". The site is located 38 km (24 miles) southwest of Cuernavaca, about 121 km (75 miles) by road from Mexico City. The site is open to visitors all week, from 10:00 to 17:00, although access to the observatory is only allowed after noon. The apogee of Xochicalco came after the fall of Teotihuacan and it has been speculated that Xochicalco may have played a part in the fall of the Teotihuacan empire.

The architecture and iconography of Xochicalco show affinities with Teotihuacan, the Maya area, and the Matlatzinca culture of the Toluca Valley. Today the residents of the nearby village of Cuentepec speak Nahuatl.

The main ceremonial center is atop an artificially leveled hill, with remains of residential structures, mostly unexcavated, on long terraces covering the slopes. The site was first occupied by 200 BCE, but did not develop into an urban center until the Epiclassic period (700 – 900 CE). Nearly all the standing architecture at the site was built at this time. At its peak, the city may have had a population of up to 20,000 people.

Site Map of Xochicalco
Site Map of Xochicalco (745k)

The Archaeological Monuments Zone of Xochicalco is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.

Xochicalco

View Xochicalco
View of Xochicalco. (1193k)
East Side Xochicalco
East side of Xochicalco. (1089k)
East Side Xochicalco
East side of Xochicalco. (1315k)
Plaza Two-glyph Stele
Plaza of the Two-Glyph Stele. (1316k)
Plaza Two-glyph Stele
Plaza of the Two-Glyph Stele. (866k)
Plaza Two-glyph Stele
Plaza of the Two-Glyph Stele. (970k)
Two-glyph Stele Showing Glyphs
Two-Glyph Stele, showing the glyphs "10 Acatl" and "9 Eye of the Reptile", perhaps related to Quetzalcoatl. (1039k)
Great Pyramid
Great Pyramid. (1109k)
East Ball Court
East ball court. (1302k)
Small Pyramid
Small pyramid. (1163k)
Cistern
Cistern. (1.6M)
Buildings
Buildings. (1463k)
Buildings
Buildings. (1210k)
Observatory
Observatory. (1.8M)
Acropolis Residential Area Rulers
Acropolis (residential area of the rulers). (1068k)
Acropolis
Acropolis. (1202k)
View Acropolis Towards Main
View from the Acropolis towards the Main Plaza, with the Temple of the Feathered Serpent in the background. (1189k)
Main Plaza Temple Feathered
Main Plaza with the Temple of the Feathered Serpent in the center. (945k)
Temple Feathered Serpent
Temple of the Feathered Serpent. (1074k)
Temple Feathered Serpent
Temple of the Feathered Serpent. (1.6M)
West Side Temple Feathered
West side of the Temple of the Feathered Serpent. (1290k)
South Side Temple Feathered
South side of the Temple of the Feathered Serpent. (1.7M)
East Side Temple Feathered
East side of the Temple of the Feathered Serpent. (1488k)
North Side Temple Feathered
North side of the Temple of the Feathered Serpent. (1283k)
Interior Temple
Interior of the temple. (1136k)
Detail Frieze West Side
Detail of the frieze on the west side. (1.5M)
Detail Frieze West Side
Detail of the frieze on the west side. (1346k)
Detail Frieze South Side
Detail of the frieze on the south side. (1.6M)
Detail Frieze South Side
Detail of the frieze on the south side. (1.7M)
Detail Frieze South Side
Detail of the frieze on the south side. (1.8M)
Detail Frieze South Side
Detail of the frieze on the south side. (1.6M)
Detail Frieze East Side
Detail of the frieze on the east side. (1.7M)
Detail Frieze East Side
Detail of the frieze on the east side. (1.8M)
Detail Frieze East Side
Detail of the frieze on the east side. (1.7M)
Detail Frieze East Side
Detail of the frieze on the east side. (1.8M)
Detail Frieze East Side
Detail of the frieze on the east side. (1.8M)
Detail Frieze North Side
Detail of the frieze on the north side. (1.6M)
Detail Frieze North Side
Detail of the frieze on the north side. (1.6M)
Detail Frieze North Side
Detail of the frieze on the north side. (1.6M)
Detail Frieze North Side
Detail of the frieze on the north side. (1413k)
Frieze Top Temple
Frieze on top of the temple. (1.7M)
Frieze Top Temple
Frieze on top of the temple. (1477k)
Frieze Top Temple
Frieze on top of the temple. (1.7M)
Detail Frieze Top Temple
Detail of the frieze on top of the temple. (1.8M)
Stone Statue Goddess Xochiquetzal
Stone statue of the Goddess Xochiquetzal. (1010k)
Grave Gifts
Grave gifts. (582k)
Pottery
Pottery. (673k)
Pottery
Pottery. (568k)
Bowl
Bowl. (643k)
Sculpture
Sculpture. (830k)
Sculpture
Sculpture. (794k)
Sculpture
Sculpture. (778k)

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