From the Gorodets entry in Wikipedia:

Gorodets is a town and the administrative center of Gorodetsky District in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the left bank of the Volga River, 53 km (33 miles) northwest of Nizhny Novgorod, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 30,658 (2010 Census); 32,442 (2002 Census); 34,210 (1989 Census); 34,000 (1970).

The town was founded in 1152 by Prince Yury Dolgoruky (also the founder of Moscow) as a large fortress on the Volga River, the first Russian fortress in today's Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. It was a starting point for numerous campaigns of the princes of Vladimir and Suzdal against Volga Bulgaria. In 1216, Yury II of Vladimir was dethroned by his brother and exiled here. In 1239, the town was burned to the ground by Batu Khan's army. Folk tradition identifies Gorodets with Little Kitezh, a legendary town destroyed by the Mongols.

In 1263, Alexander Nevsky died in Gorodets on his way back to Novgorod from the Golden Horde. His son, Andrey, made the town his chief residence. A famous medieval icon-painter, Prokhor, was born there. In the mid-14th century, the town was overshadowed by the neighboring Nizhny Novgorod but continued as the third largest town of Nizhny Novgorod Principality until 1408, when Edigu razed it to the ground.

For two following centuries the town was known as Gorodets Pustoy (i. e., "Gorodets the Empty"). Some chronicles state that its entire population moved slightly downstream and resettled at Salt-on-Gorodets (today's Balakhna). By the 19th century, Gorodets was revived as a prosperous village settled by Old Believer merchants and reputed for its decorative handicrafts, such as wood carving and painting. In 1875, the Nizhny Novgorod writer A. S. Gatsisky described Gorodets as a major center of trade in grain and wooden kitchenware.

Of interest in Gorodets were the Ginger Bread Museum and the Samovar Museum.

All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.

Gorodets

Feodorovsky Monastery
Feodorovsky Monastery. (622k)
Fountain Boat Top Symbol
Fountain with a boat on top, the symbol in the coat of arms of Gorodets. (940k)
Former Large Merchant House
Former large merchant house from 19th century. Some of the merchants were very wealthy and built large mansions. (709k)
Wrought Iron Work 19th
Wrought iron work from the 19th century. (863k)
Simple Wooden House
Simple wooden house. (741k)
Wooden House Decorated Windows
Wooden house with decorated windows. There are two styles of decorations, here the carvings are on solid wood. (603k)
Wood Carvings Started Ships
The wood carvings started on ships, so many have nautical themes. This one shows a mermaid. (822k)
Wooden House Decorated Windows
Wooden house with decorated windows. These are in the second style, open wood carvings. (706k)
Large Wooden House Nicely
Large wooden house with nicely decorated windows from the 18th century. (812k)
Close-up Decorated Windows
Close-up of one of the decorated windows. (778k)
100 Year Old Wooden
100 year old wooden entrance gate. (823k)
Also Brick Houses Gorodets
There are also some brick houses in Gorodets. (778k)
Shipping Volga River
Shipping on the Volga River. (665k)
Local Art Painted Wooden
Local art, a painted wooden chest. The round faces are characteristic for the local art. (1054k)
Gorodets Famous Ginger Bread
Gorodets is famous for its ginger bread shaped with wooden stamps. Here is a rooster shaped bread with the wooden stamp. (715k)
Special Stamps Made Special
Special stamps are made for special occasions. (635k)
Shows Inside Traditional Samovar
This shows what the inside of a traditional Samovar looks like. In the inner vessel is the fire, mostly from small sticks and pine cones that heats the water in the outer vessel. On top is a tea pots that is kept warm as well. (552k)
Large Restaurant-style Samovar Three
Large restaurant-style Samovar with three spigots. (478k)
Samovar Also Used Dry
The Samovar is also used to dry bagel-like bread, strung up on strings and draped over the Samovar. (459k)

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Page last updated on Tue Sep 24 18:19:03 2019 (Mountain Standard Time)


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