In 62 BCE, King Antiochus of Commagene built his tomb-sanctuary on top of Mount Nemrut, with huge (8-9 m (26-30 ft)) stone figures of himself, Hercules, Zeus, and Apollo. He piled up a 50 m (160 ft) high mound of fist sized rocks on the summit of Mount Nemrut. This site is spectacular, it is a must for any visit to Turkey as far as I am concerned.

Mount Nemrut is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Along the road to the summit are several other interesting sites.

First you get to the Cendere Bridge, a beautiful Roman humpback bridge, built in the 2nd century CE. The inscriptions on the stele state that it was built in honor of Septimius Severus and his wife and son. Three of the four Corinthian columns are still standing.

Next is the Yeni Kale (New Fortress), a 13th century Mamluk castle, with Arabic inscriptions.

About 3.5 km (2.2 miles) further along the road is Arsameia, the ancient Commagene capital, founded by Mithridates I Callicus around 80 BCE. There are several very nice statues and inscriptions in that area. A 158 m (518 ft) long cave-temple descends steeply into the mountain.

All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.

Roman Cendere Bridge
Roman Cendere Bridge. (1075k)
Columns Cendere Bridge
Columns on the Cendere Bridge. (826k)
Close-up Columns
Close-up of one of the columns. (581k)
Inscriptions Column
Inscriptions on the column. (850k)
Yeni Kale
Yeni Kale. (860k)
Yeni Kale
Yeni Kale. (914k)
Inscriptions Yeni Kale
Inscriptions in Yeni Kale. (699k)
Long Inscription Arsameia
Long inscription in Arsameia. (1031k)
Entrance 158 m 518 ft Long
Entrance to the 158 m (518 ft) long cave-temple. (620k)
Inscriptions Stele Bases
Inscriptions on one of the stele bases. (945k)
Large Stele Depicting Mithras
Large stele depicting Mithras (or Apollo) the Sun God, wearing a cap with sun rays radiating from it. (620k)
Stunning Almost Undamaged Relief
A stunning, almost undamaged relief of Mithridates I shaking hands with Hercules. (916k)
Western Temple Summit
Western temple on the summit. (921k)
Figures Raven Lion
Figures of a raven and lion. (1132k)
Relief Western Temple
Relief in the western temple. (805k)
View Tumbled-down Figures Western
View of the tumbled-down figures of the western temple. (1117k)
Raven Head Western Temple
Raven head in the western temple. (1052k)
Stone Head Western Temple
Stone head in the western temple. (1024k)
Head Apollo Western Temple
Head of Apollo in the western temple. (868k)
Stone Head Western Temple
Stone head in the western temple. (1102k)
Stone Head Western Temple
Stone head in the western temple. (843k)
Row Figures Eastern Temple
Row of figures in the eastern temple. (601k)
Lion Statue Eastern Temple
Lion statue in the eastern temple. (591k)
Lion Head Eastern Temple
Lion head in the eastern temple. (846k)
Stone Head Eastern Temple
Stone head in the eastern temple. (945k)
Stone Head Eastern Temple
Stone head in the eastern temple. (724k)
Stone Head Eastern Temple
Stone head in the eastern temple. (767k)
49 m 161 ft High Tomb
The 49 m (161 ft) high tomb mound on the summit of Mount Nemrut. (768k)

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Page last updated on Mon Apr 20 10:34:33 2020 (Mountain Standard Time)


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